The 1619 Project

The 1619 Project, a special issue of The New York Times Magazine, marks the 400th anniversary of the arrival of the first enslaved Africans to Jamestown, Virginia with a series of essays, images, stories, and poems that challenge readers to reframe their understanding of U.S. history by considering 1619 as the start of this nation's story. Through over 30 visual and written pieces from historians, journalists, playwrights, poets, authors, and artists, the issue examines the following questions:

How do societal structures developed to support the enslavement of black people, and the anti-black racism that was cultivated in the U.S. to justify slavery, influence many aspects of modern laws, policies, systems, and culture?

How have resistance, innovation, and advocacy by black Americans over the course of American history contributed to the nation’s wealth and the strengthening of its democracy?
  • 1. “The Idea of America” by Nikole Hannah-Jones
  • Essay: The Idea of America by Nikole Hannah-Jones
  • Creative Works - Clint Smith
  • 2. “Chained Migration” by Tiya Miles
  • Essay: Chained Migration by Tiya Miles
  • Creative Works - Yusef Komunyakaa
  • 3. “Capitalism” by Matthew Desmond
  • Essay: Capitalism by Matthew Desmond
  • 4. “Mortgaging the Future” by Mehrsa Baradaran
  • Essay: Mortgaging the Future by Mehrsa Baradaran
  • 5. “Good as Gold” by Mehrsa Baradaran
  • Essay: Good as Gold by Mehrsa Baradaran
  • 6. ”Fabric of Modernity” by Mehrsa Baradaran
  • Essay: Fabric of Modernity by Mehrsa Baradaran
  • 7. “Municipal Bonds” by Tiya Miles (page 40)
  • Essay: Municipal Bonds by Tiya Miles
  • Creative Works - Eve L Ewing
  • 8. “A Broken Health Care System” by Jeneen Interlandi
  • Essay: A Broken Health Care System by Jeneen Interlandi
  • Creative Works - Reginald Dwayne Betts
  • 9. “Traffic” by Kevin M. Kruse
  • Essay: Traffic by Kevin M Kruse
  • Creative Works: Barry Jenkins
  • 10. “Undemocratic Democracy” by Jamelle Bouie
  • Essay: Undemocratic Democracy by Jamelle Bouie
  • Creative Works - Jesmyn Ward The Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves
  • 11. “Medical Inequality” by Linda Villarosa
  • Essay: Medical Inequality by Linda Villarosa
  • Creative Works: Tyehimba Jess | Black Seminoles
  • 12. “American Popular Music” by Wesley Morris
  • Essay: American Popular Music by Wesley Morris
  • Creative Works: Darryl Pinckney | Emancipation Proclamation of 1863
  • 13. “Sugar” by Khalil Gibran Muhammad
  • Essay: Sugar by Khalil Gibran Muhammad
  • Creative Works: ZZ Packer New Orleans massacre of 1866
  • 14. “Pecan Pioneer” by Tiya Miles
  • Essay: Pecan Pioneer by Tiya Miles
  • Creative Works: Yaa Gyasi | Tuskegee syphilis experiment
  • 15. “The Wealth Gap” by Trymaine Lee
  • Essay: The Wealth Gap by Trymaine Lee
  • Creative Works: Jacqueline Woodson | Sgt. Isaac Woodard
  • 16. “Mass Incarceration” by Bryan Stevenson (pages 80–81)
  • Essay: Mass Incarceration by Bryan Stevenson
  • Creative Works: Poems | Dove and Dung
  • 17. “Hope” by Djeneba Aduayom, Nikole Hannah-Jones, Wadzanai Mhute
  • Essay: Hope by Djeneba Aduayom Nikole Hannah-Jones Wadzanai Mhute
  • Creative Works: Joshua Bennett | The Black Panther Party
  • 18. “Shadow of the Past” by Anne C. Bailey and Dannielle Bowman
  • Essay: Shadow of the Past by Anne C Bailey
  • Creative Works: Lynn Nottage | The birth of hip-hop
  • 19. Broadsheet from the newspaper: “Why Can’t We Teach This?” by Nikita Stewart
  • Essay: Why Can't We Teach Slavery Right in American Schools N Stewart
  • Creative Works: K Laymon Rev. Jesse Jackson’s “rainbow coalition”
  • 20. Broadsheet from the newspaper: “by Elliott, Hughes, Deeman
  • Essay: A Brief History of Slavery That You Didnt Learn in School
  • Creative Works: Clint Smith | Superdome after Hurricane Katrina
Completion rules
  • All units must be completed